ForEcoIndia aims at promoting restoration of degraded forest landscapes.
ForEcoIndia is a campaign or movement that works to
- Promote ecosystem based forest management;
- Strive to support restoration of degraded forests with an ecosystem approach;
- Undertake advocacy for restoration of degraded ecosystems to bring them close to nature;
- Organize and manage awareness drives for promoting forest management on an ecosystem basis; and
- Mobilize support for this cause from all interested persons, groups and organizations.
ForEcoIndia stands for the following broad principles that should govern the forest management in India:
- Restore degraded forest ecosystems mimicking nature.
- Discourage continuation of shelter wood system of management.
- Discourage/ abandon totally coppice system of management.
- Conversion of coppice forests to high forests.
- Promote selection system of forest harvesting/ harvesting based on control method.
- Promote replacement and enrichment of degraded exotic species monoculture plantations by mixed indigenous species.
- Promote mixed indigenous species plantations.
- Soil condition should be improved by preventing extraction of dry and fallen leaves and twigs. Soil moisture conservation methods should be applied in all tropical areas.
- Chemical fertilizers and pesticides should not be used in public forests or plantations on forestlands.
- Unregulated grazing should be replaced by regulated rotational grazing in forests.
- Unregulated and indiscriminate collection of firewood by cutting small trees, saplings and lopping should be prevented. Management should be modified to provide regulated alternatives to the dependent communities.
- Promote Social Forestry/ agro forestry.
- Shrubs, herbs, grasses, small size trees, undergrowth should not be removed indiscriminately.
- Site-specific plans should be prepared for restoration of degraded ecosystems.
- Also, soil and moisture conservation methods should be an integral part of afforestation/reforestation operations. It will also increase biomass productivity.